Amateur Historian Finds Ancient City & Discovery Changes Human Timeline
The timeline of history changes again, as new evidence pushes the oldest known Homo sapiens in Africa back thousands of years.
In southwestern Ethiopia, a mystery nearly a quarter of a million years in the making has been solved. Homo sapien remains found near the Omo river, dubbed “Omo 1,” were originally found in the 1960s. Scientists struggled for years to establish a date for these remains, but in 2005 they determined Omo was approximately 195,000 years old.
Now, a new study by volcanologist Dr. Celine Vidal of Cambridge University pushes that date much farther back by more than 30,000 years, which places modern humans in eastern Africa more than 230,000 years ago.
Vidal was able to determine this by comparing the thick layers of ash left by an ancient volcano from the top of the remains of Omo 1 with ash known to be from a volcano that erupted about 230,000 years ago. Now that the minimum date for Homo sapiens in eastern Africa has been established, researchers are searching for the maximum.
As, Christine Lane, a co-author of the study stated, “[I]t’s possible that new finds and new studies may extend the age of our species even further back in time.”
Polish Diplomat Makes Rare Discovery
A Polish diplomat has reportedly found a long-lost, ancient city that professional archeologists and historians have been searching for two centuries.
Robert Rokicki, a Polish diplomat, and history enthusiast, stationed in Turkey, told the Anadolu Agency he found the ancient city of Thebasa by doing what he calls “histracking” or off-road hiking in historical places.
Rokicki believes the ancient city is in the Pinarkaya village of southern Karaman Province. Thebasa played a role in the five-centuries-long conflict between the Byzantine Empire and Muslim Caliphates, but was destroyed and apparently abandoned in the year 806 AD.
The Roman geographer, Pliny the Elder, had written of Thebasa saying it lay in the Taurus mountains but until now had never been found. But perhaps the best part is, Rokicki found the city by accident. He says he was looking for another place altogether when he stumbled on Thebasa.
Nevertheless, professor Stephen Mitchell a British Academy Fellow said of the amateur Rokicki’s discovery, “[A]dds a whole new chapter to the story of the conflict between the Byzantines and the Arabs in the 10th and 11th centuries,”
Now that the site has been located, expect to see many more discoveries as the “professional” archeologists will surely be there soon.
Mysterious Geoglyphs in India Are Largest Ever Discovered
Researchers discovered the world’s largest geoglyphs in the Great Indian Desert. Will their findings reveal who made these giant, enigmatic designs, and why?
Geoglyphs are sprawling designs made by digging into the Earth or piling up stones to form what mostly appear as geometric lines, and more rarely, as humans and animals.
Usually only fully visible from above, they can be found all over the world with some dating back to prehistoric times, and others quite recent. The most famous to date are the Nazca lines in Peru. While there are various theories around their builders and function, none have been proven and continue to be widely debated.
Carlo Oetheimer is an independent researcher of geomorphology, the study of Earth’s landforms. While conducting a Google Earth survey of India, he and his son Yohann Oetheimer, made a fascinating discovery.
“I was traveling all over the desert, and suddenly I found lines in the desert similar to the Nazca lines. I was amazed, and I said, ‘Oh, what’s that?’ I found one place, then two places, then eight places almost. That was the way I found the Thar Desert Boha geoglyphs,” C. Oetheimer said.
“So, under Google Earth’s images, we could see a concentric spiral — concentric lines. We didn’t really know at that point what they were, but we had to go on the site, on the field, to understand them better,” Y. Oetheimer said.
When the researchers visited the desert site in India’s Rajasthan region, what they found astounded them.
“We brought a drone with us to be able to take aerial photos of the geoglyphs. With the drone images we could finally see the true form of the line, which is a spiral,” Y. Oetheimer said.