Bering Archipelago May Debunk Land Bridge Migration Theory

Siberian Land Bridge Theory debunk archipelago

A controversial new study may rewrite the history books on how and when North America was first populated.

Historians and archeologists have tried for years to answer the question, “how did our ancient ancestors first populate North America?”

The most prevalent theory has been the Bering Land Bridge theory—that ice age migrants crossed an ancient landmass from Siberia to North America. But a new theory states that ice age migrants may have used a series of islands, The Bering Transitory Archipelago, to make the crossing and use these islands as stepping stones to get to North America. Using a method called retrospective sea-level mapping, scientists found evidence of an archipelago nearly 900 miles long that existed up to 30,000 years ago.

This theory could debunk the Bering Land Bridge theory, change our understanding of early human migration to North America, and shine a light on maritime technologies they may have possessed.

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What is the Code of Ur Nammu?

article migration image code of ur nammu jpg

Unless you’re a member of law enforcement or an attorney, you probably don’t think too much about the laws that govern you on a daily basis. That’s not to say you’re oblivious — you’re probably just so used to certain laws that you wouldn’t think twice about keeping to or breaking them.

The origins of these laws, however, provide important insight into human civilization. Some of the laws we have in place today can be traced back to ancient times — specifically to someone called Ur Nammu.

Who was Ur Nammu?

Ur Nammu was a Sumerian king who lived around the year 2000 BC. He founded the third dynasty of Ur and initiated what is now known as the “Sumerian Renaissance,” a period of time in which Sumerian society heavily emphasized the arts and culture.

Achievements of Ur Nammu

Ur Nammu is praised for his myriad achievements, including but not limited to:

  • The building of the Great Ziggurat of Ur: This ancient Sumerian structure, located in present-day Iraq, is thought to have been a temple dedicated to the moon god Nanna.
  • Overthrowing the Gutians: Ur Nammu followed in his father-in-law Utu-Hegel’s footsteps to drive the Gutian people out of the Sumerian cities.
  • Conquering other cities including Eridu
  • Revitalizing Sumerian culture: Ur Nammu spearheaded projects such as planting orchards, revitalizing the arts, and strengthening Sumer’s infrastructure and economy.

Among all of Ur Nammu’s achievements, the Code of Ur Nammu is arguably the most significant.

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