Mysterious Geoglyphs in India Are Largest Ever Discovered

Worlds Largest Geoglyphs Found in India

Researchers discovered the world’s largest geoglyphs in the Great Indian Desert. Will their findings reveal who made these giant, enigmatic designs, and why?

Geoglyphs are sprawling designs made by digging into the Earth or piling up stones to form what mostly appear as geometric lines, and more rarely, as humans and animals.

Usually only fully visible from above, they can be found all over the world with some dating back to prehistoric times, and others quite recent. The most famous to date are the Nazca lines in Peru. While there are various theories around their builders and function, none have been proven and continue to be widely debated.

Carlo Oetheimer is an independent researcher of geomorphology, the study of Earth’s landforms. While conducting a Google Earth survey of India, he and his son Yohann Oetheimer, made a fascinating discovery.

“I was traveling all over the desert, and suddenly I found lines in the desert similar to the Nazca lines. I was amazed, and I said, ‘Oh, what’s that?’ I found one place, then two places, then eight places almost. That was the way I found the Thar Desert Boha geoglyphs,” C. Oetheimer said.

“So, under Google Earth’s images, we could see a concentric spiral — concentric lines. We didn’t really know at that point what they were, but we had to go on the site, on the field, to understand them better,” Y. Oetheimer said.

When the researchers visited the desert site in India’s Rajasthan region, what they found astounded them.

“We brought a drone with us to be able to take aerial photos of the geoglyphs. With the drone images we could finally see the true form of the line, which is a spiral,” Y. Oetheimer said.

“Those glyphs are really, really big. They are the biggest geoglyphs discovered so far on Earth. It’s a big spiral which is an 11 km continuous line. The other one, which is connected to the spiral, is a serpent-shaped line with many patterns. We’ve managed to reproduce 48 km of lines. In the lines, you have archeological features which are called memorial stones. The big ones are in memory of deceased persons. For us, these landmarks are a symbol of death. We have to understand if there are connections between these Hindu memorial stones and the lines,” C. Oetheimer said.

Given the difficulty of precise archaeological dating in a desert environment, the Oetheimers are very cautious about providing any definitive interpretations of the origins and meaning of the geoglyphs. They are, however, working on some ideas.

“Concerning the antiquity of the lines, the main point, of course, is not the fact that they are at least 150 years old,” C. Oetheimer said. “We don’t know exactly, but I’m almost sure that they are not old, that’s for sure. What is interesting here is more the symbols. As the line ends with a little spiral or begins with a little spiral, we were wondering if this was a kind of global symbol of the life of a human in the Thar Desert. It’s obviously made to see from above, so we’re supposed to see a symbol of heaven, the afterlife, and the gods. With the north-south lines we were wondering if they could symbolize something with the cosmos, and suddenly we got the idea that we could try to separate both the Ursae Minoris, so the constellation of Ursa Minor, on this spiral. This gives an interpretation of how this is a message to the cosmos; to the people who are in this other world.”

The team plans to continue trying to glean further information about these fascinating designs. However, it is likely, they say, that the true origins will remain a mystery.

Amateur Historian Finds Ancient City & Discovery Changes Human Timeline

Polish Diplomat Discovers Ancient City

The timeline of history changes again, as new evidence pushes the oldest known Homo sapiens in Africa back thousands of years. 

In southwestern Ethiopia, a mystery nearly a quarter of a million years in the making has been solved. Homo sapien remains found near the Omo river, dubbed “Omo 1,” were originally found in the 1960s. Scientists struggled for years to establish a date for these remains, but in 2005 they determined Omo was approximately 195,000 years old.  

Now, a new study by volcanologist Dr. Celine Vidal of Cambridge University pushes that date much farther back by more than 30,000 years, which places modern humans in eastern Africa more than 230,000 years ago.

Vidal was able to determine this by comparing the thick layers of ash left by an ancient volcano from the top of the remains of Omo 1 with ash known to be from a volcano that erupted about 230,000 years ago. Now that the minimum date for Homo sapiens in eastern Africa has been established, researchers are searching for the maximum.

As, Christine Lane, a co-author of the study stated,  “[I]t’s possible that new finds and new studies may extend the age of our species even further back in time.”

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