A Strange Story Untold: A Cryptic Rock in France
One of the great enigmas of the modern era washed up on the shores of Plougastel-Daoulas, a small village in France, 300 miles west of Paris, and is now attracting international attention. To get there, visitors have to travel to Brittany and then take a path from a hard-to-access hamlet called Illien Ar Guen. On the beach of an ancient cove, the most curious of seekers encounter a cryptic rock the size of a person, with one of its faces covered by mysterious petroglyphs.
Though it’s clear the writing is in the roman alphabet, its meaning remains indecipherable. And now the village is now looking to the international community for help cracking the code. The person able to do so is promised a handsome 2,000 euros (or $2,240) for the feat.
What Are Petroglyphs?
Petroglyphs are regarded as some of the world’s oldest art forms, harkening back to the days of cave dwellers. As opposed to pictographs, which are paintings on rocks, petroglyphs like the one at Illien Ar Guen were created when the artist chiseled words or pictures deep into the surface. By engraving a rock, rather than simply drawing or painting on it, depictions have been persevered through the ages and have managed to resist the ravages of time, wind, rain, and climate.
In the modern era, sites where petroglyphs have been discovered are often considered profoundly important to anthropologists who regard them as cultural history. Surprisingly, though, rock art research seems to still be in its infancy, and anthropologists are eagerly awaiting technological developments to help them determine more about the cultures that produced it.
Until more sophisticated technology comes along, research tactics remain rather old-fashioned and slow-going. As in the case of the puzzling French rock writing at Illien Ar Guen, local officials have been inviting history, anthropology, and other scholars from the international community, to come take a look at their treasure after it has managed to stump local academics.
Much of the information gleaned from the petroglyphs to date seems shaky at best. Some believe the inscription is a code, while others think it is simply written in the language of a bygone era. According to CNN, “Dominique Cap, mayor of Plougastel-Daoulas, told Agence France Presse (AFP): ‘There are people who tell us that it’s Basque and others who say it’s Old Breton.’”
There is one thing that most experts agree upon, however — they’re all pretty sure the mystery rock only dates back a few hundred years, to the two years etched into the Brittany rock: 1786 and 1787. These two dates are significant to the village’s history, a period when forts and artillery batteries were being constructed to protect Brest, a strategic harbor city up the coast.
It seems that mysterious rocks abound when one cares to look for them.
The United States alone contains myriad sites with symbols that have yet to be deciphered, such as the Decalogue Stone in New Mexico, the Dighton Stone in Massachusetts, and the Judaculla boulder in North Carolina. In contrast to the French rock at Illien Ar Guen, though, each of these dates back much farther than a few hundred years, making it more understandable that any other traces of their written languages might be impossible to find.
A Scholarly Competition
Numerous sources have referred to Brittany’s rock as the village’s own Rosetta Stone, which remained an unsolved mystery itself for 23 years, until Jean-Françcois Champollion deciphered it in 1822. As an homage to the cryptologist, who has been regarded as the “Father of Egyptology,” the decryption competition has been aptly named, “The Champollion Mystery at Plougastel-Daoulas.”
Mayor Dominique Cap explained to the BBC that the town exhausted its resources of historians and archaeologists, and is hoping to draw the attention of international scholars with the competition. For now, their hope lies in attracting linguists and historians who may be their best bet in solving the riddle.
The inscription embedded into the rock is written in all capital letters, containing Scandinavian accent marks such as Ø letters and characters that appear to be upside-down. AFP presents a part of the description as the following:
ROC AR B… DRE AR GRIO SE EVELOH AR VIRIONES BAOAVEL… R I OBBIIE: BRISBVILAR… FROIK…AL
To add further mystery to the strange writing, there are apparently a few pictures also carved into the rock, including one of a sailboat.
Visitors with romantic leanings may fantasize that the words on the French rock comprise a precious love letter, or perhaps they bear directions leading to a buried treasure along the coast. Or, maybe, the writing are the last solemn sentiments of a cold and lonely sailor who had washed up on shore at the hands of the dangerous Iroise Sea — known to be one of the most dangerous seas in Europe for sea-going vessels.
But in light of the circumstances — that the message was written only a couple centuries ago, at a spot where the high tide regularly comes to greet the edifice — the more skeptical doubt whether the author intended to write something indecipherable.
For now, however, the message remains a lost communication, sent from one individual to recipient(s) unknown. Like the inscriptions of so many other petroglyphs around the world, perhaps this one lying on the cold shores of northern France will forever keep safe its origins and the meaning of the words that were painstakingly hammered for another to read.
Michel Paugam, a member of a small patrimony of the town hall of Plougastel-Daoulas, who continue to scratch their heads over the inscription — surmised, “If someone took the trouble to engrave about twenty lines, it’s not just to say that the weather is nice in Plougastel.”
Laser Scanning Reveals Mayan Complex Hidden for Centuries
Laser mapping reveals nearly 500 ancient ceremonial sites hiding just under the landscape of modern-day Mexico and leads scientists to revise their understandings of the origins of the Maya Civilization.
Eastern Mexico is home to the ancient Maya, renowned for their striking pyramids, written language, and complex calendar system. It is there that scientists first discovered Aquada Fénix, the largest and oldest-known Mayan construction.
Professor Takeshi Inomata is an archeologist at the University of Arizona who led the study. “We did LiDAR, which is an airborne laser marking technique. Using this technique we found Aguada Fénix, which is the oldest monumental construction in the Maya area,” Inomata said. “It has a huge artificial plateau which has a perfect, rectangular shape measuring 1.4 km long and 400m wide, which represents the largest construction in the entire Maya history. It dates to probably 1,100 – 700 BC, which makes it the oldest monumental construction in the Maya area. So the interesting part is that the largest building happened at the very beginning or oldest stage of Maya civilization.”
Having made this extraordinary find, the team recently expanded their search to a broader area using the same cutting-edge LiDAR technology. They were specifically hoping to find sites built by the Olmec people, an older civilization thought to have influenced the development of the Maya. What LiDAR revealed was groundbreaking.
“We found nearly 500 ceremonial complexes, which look like Aguada Fénix, although they are not as big. This distribution shows they shared similar concepts of space, ritual, and probably worldview. It tells us the people in the Olmec area and the Maya area really exchanged ideas and that kind of interaction was very important for the initial development of Mesoamerican civilizations,” Inomata said.
“This is the earliest evidence for the gathering of a really large number of people. Those people probably did not have too many hierarchical organizations, they most likely did not have kings. They didn’t have much marked social inequalities, so those people gathered and organized themselves, then made these huge constructions. This really makes us think about the development and possibility of human societies, not just about Mesoamerica, but about human societies in general.”