Why Has This 1600 Year Old Pillar in India Never Rusted?
The forging of the Iron Pillar of Delhi 1600 years ago in India was so advanced that it has been impervious to rust and would be hard to mimic even with today’s technology.
Architecture and engineering have been dynamic and evolutionary processes, building on innovations in carpentry, stonework and metalwork for millennia. These processes have been well-documented allowing for the ability to glean useful information and develop better contemporary iterations. But one small, mysterious gap in this history raises some questions – a lone-standing pillar in India.
The Iron Pillar of Delhi
In front of a mosque in an area of Delhi, known as the Qutub complex, stands a wrought iron pillar surrounded by a small white fence. The iron pillar of Delhi, though unassuming at first glance, is roughly 1,600 years old and shows no signs of weathering. And while it does stand inland in an arid part of India, it has withstood monsoons – about a thousand of them.
The pillar is thought to have been built during the reign of Chandragupta II, and is 24 feet tall weighing roughly 13,000 pounds. But those numbers are even more astounding when you learn that it was constructed in central India, nearly 500 miles away from its current location, making its method of transport a mystery itself.
For a while the greater perplexity surrounding the pillar concerned its composition and what kept it so preserved. Some of those questions have been answered by examination of the process used in casting it and the thin protective layer enveloping the post known in ancient India as ‘misawite.’ This layer consists of a compound of iron, oxygen and hydrogen and is 1/20 of a millimeter thick. Some believe that this layer was simply an accident, and therefore the reason why it is the only one of its kind that has withstood weathering. But others attribute it to highly-advanced ironsmiths with an unparalleled level of knowledge, and the scientist who has carried out the most well-known examination of the pillar believes it to be intentional.
Today there is a fence around the iron pillar of Delhi to protect it from human touch which in fact has caused it to show some signs of damage. Before the fence was erected, standing with one’s back to the pillar and touching your hands behind it was thought of as lucky or auspicious.
Decoding Sacred Architecture
The combination of this sheath and a slightly different method of metallurgy in crafting the pillar, compared to modern methods, is thought to be the reason it has sustained for so long. Typically limestone is used in the extraction of iron, whereas this ancient Indian technique utilized charcoal. Other differing factors include a high level phosphorus in the protective film while also being completely devoid of magnesium and sulfur. But why was this process never continued?
Despite the pillar itself being preserved, the technology used in its creation was not. The anachronistic knowledge used in casting iron during this period could hardly be mimicked today. There’s even evidence that it was hit at close range by a cannonball which merely put a dent in it. But one characteristic of the pillar that gives some insight into its mystery is an inscription written in Sanskrit referencing a royal known as Chandra, who most believe to be a reference to Chandragupta II.
The Gupta Dynasty
The Gupta Dynasty in India was marked by significant advancements and achievements in science, technology, literature and astronomy. They developed the game of chess as well as some of the most famous pieces of literature and drama in Indian history. It was known as India’s Golden Age. Indian scholars during this era understood that the Earth is round and rotates around the sun. They were in tune with cosmic cycles, having awareness of eclipses and other astronomical events
Chandragupta II, also known as Vikramaditya, was one of the most notable rulers of the dynasty who embraced Buddhism and Jainism. This lead to an incorporation of iconography from multiple religions in Indian artwork of that era. He was given the name, and was known for his courage and benevolence. The inscription in the pillar that led to the discovery of its original location turned out to be a place of significant astronomical interest at the time. The pillar itself may have been an astrological tool, like a sundial used to measure the equinoxes.
There are other pillars throughout India that stand alone and are of a similar, massive proportion to the one in Delhi, although they differ in provenance and do show weathering. In fact, some are starting to deteriorate significantly to the point of irreparable damage.
The Ashoka pillars were constructed by Ashoka, a ruler of India whose military conquests proved to become a spiritual and moral dilemma for him. He converted to Buddhism and erected these pillars all over India, but only 19 remain. They were built around 250 BC and were as tall as 50 feet weighing up to 50 tons, significantly larger than the non-corroded iron pillar of Delhi. Ashoka’s pyramids were made of sandstone as opposed to iron. Each pillar was etched with edicts pertaining to Buddhism and were topped with carvings of lotus flowers and different animals. These pillars were also transported hundreds of miles, despite their massive weight and size.
Ashoka used the pillars to reach out to different cultures around the world and declare his apology for his violent military conquests that killed hundreds of thousands. Inscriptions in the pillars are written not only in Sanskrit, but also in Aramaic and Greek. Ashoka placed his pillars along trade routes to maximize the number of people who could see them.
Pillars were clearly an important architectural form of ancient India. And while Ashoka’s pillars stand as the remnants of a rulers remorse and religious repentance, the rust-free iron pillar of Delhi is enshrouded in a protective sheath of misawite and mystery. What happened to the technology that has kept the pillar intact for so long and why aren’t there other pillars like it?
Study Shows Giza Pyramid Concentrates Energy Within its Chambers
The Pyramids of Giza are an incredible engineering feat and have long been assumed to serve a greater purpose than simply being pharaonic tombs. Now, a group of physicists has discovered that the Great Pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy, leading scientists to believe they can use this ancient schema to create new nanoparticles for use in sensors and improved photovoltaic cells.
Using applied methods of theoretical physics, a team from ITMO University in St. Petersburg, Russia, and Laser Zentrum Hannover, a tech institute in Germany, found that the pyramids can interact with electromagnetic waves of resonant length.
Mainstream media outlets reporting on this have already written off the discovery as a coincidence of the pyramid’s structure, saying it is highly unlikely the Ancient Egyptians knew about its conductive properties.
Similar narratives claim it is racist to be skeptical that a primitive, ancient people using stone tools could build such a monolithic structure aligned within 3/60th of a degree to the Earth’s cardinal directions, and encoded with the dimensions of the planet’s equatorial circumference, polar radius, and axial precession.
The recent study found that, under resonance conditions, the pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy in its internal chambers and under its base. This type of energy concentration in the chambers has been proposed by proponents of alternative archeological theories.
Researchers including Graham Hancock, Robert Bauval, and Christopher Dunn have proposed the idea that the Ancient Egyptians, or a lost civilization predating them, were much more advanced than we have credited them. Dunn says he believes that the pyramids were built as an instrument to draw energy from the Earth’s ionosphere, much like Nikola Tesla’s Wardenclyffe Tower intended.
“Egyptian pyramids have always attracted great attention. We as scientists were interested in them as well, so we decided to look at the Great Pyramid as a particle dissipating radio waves resonantly,” said Dr. Sc. Andrey Evlyukhin, scientific supervisor and coordinator of the research.
“Due to the lack of information about the physical properties of the pyramid, we had to use some assumptions. For example, we assumed that there are no unknown cavities inside, and the building material with the properties of ordinary limestone is evenly distributed in and out of the pyramid. With these assumptions made, we obtained interesting results that can find important practical applications,” he said.