Gynocentrism & Matriarchal Societies: Past and Present
Much of the modern world is, without a doubt, governed by men. While gender equality has improved in many parts of the world, there is still much progress to be made in this realm.
Considering that patriarchy is so normalized today, it may be a bit tough to wrap our heads around the idea that perhaps, at one point in time, women ruled the Earth. It might even seem like a far-fetched concept that’s perpetuated by feminists or idealists.
Whether or not a matriarchy (also known as “gynocentrism”, which literally translates to “female centered”) is a fantasy or reality is still up for debate. However, there is much to explore about this fascinating subject.
The Gynocratic Age
In 1972, Gloria Steinem, a popular feminist author, publicized the concept of the matriarchy, which gained notoriety in the years that followed. While the validity of this theory is still questioned today, it has sparked discussion about the possibility and viability of gynocratic societies.
During a time period known as the Gynocratic Age, women were allegedly worshipped and praised for their ability to give birth. Childbirth was a great mystery at the time, and men, not realizing that they actually played a role in it, held the belief that women “bore fruit like trees, when they were ripe.”
The Gynocratic Age allegedly lasted from around 2 million years ago to 3000 BCE. At that point, it is said that a great transformation occurred, perhaps due to a cataclysm or a groundbreaking discovery, and sparked patriarchy.
The Fall of Matriarchal Societies
As mentioned above, women were praised and worshipped for their ability to give birth. However, it is said that once men discovered their role in women’s ability to conceive children, they began to covet their power. This was the catalyst for the Gynocratic Age’s demise.
Archaeologists and other researchers have uncovered much evidence that supports the theory that gynocratic societies once existed:
An 8,000-year-old sculpture discovered in the fall of 2016 depicts some sort of goddess. Some speculate the figurine depicts a fertility goddess, while others believe her plump figure represents a woman of social prominence. Literature such as the Bible (the Virgin Mary) and Homer’s The Odyssey highlight the importance of women in society. The Book of Enoch, a Biblical text that is omitted from the standard Christian Bible, also features more stories of women than other Biblical texts. Scholar Lotte Motz observed that women appear just as frequently as men in ancient artwork.
Skeptics point out that just because women are depicted as goddesses in artwork and literature doesn’t necessarily mean they were equal or more powerful than men. With no written historical records, we can’t be 100-percent sure as to the authenticity of a truly gynocratic society.
Other Gynocentrism Theories
Although Steinem is credited with bringing the theory of the matriarchy to prominence, she was not the first person to position such an argument.
Gynocentrism has been discussed throughout the ages. Female writers Lucrezia Marinella and Modesta Pozzo are credited with exploring gynocentric concepts in their work, namely “sexual feudalism,” which can be traced back to the Middle Ages.
Johann Jakob Bachofen, a Swiss anthropologist, also explored matriarchal societies throughout his work in the 19th century. He often cites the Greek goddesses Aphrodite and Demeter, who held significant power in ancient Greece, as evidence of women’s prominent role in that culture.
Robert Graves, an English poet and writer, was also fascinated with matriarchy in Greek culture. He attributes societal pressure to the eventual downfall of gynocentrism.
Modern Matriarchal Societies
Several matriarchal societies exist today all over the world.
- The Mosuo tribe of China is referred to as the “Kingdom of Women” throughout the country. Unlike most parts of China and the world, the Mosuo women are in charge of everything from finances to land and home ownership.
- Indonesia’s Minangkabau also places women at the forefront of society. When a man marries a woman, he is the one to move into her family’s home, and women pass inheritances such as land and homes onto their daughters like fathers do with sons in much of the world.
- Similar, the women of Costa Rica’s Bribri tribe are the ones who can inherit land. They also enjoy the right to prepare cacao, which is used in various sacred rituals.
- The United Kingdom’s monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, has ruled the nation since 1952.
Are these and other modern matriarchal societies representative of a more women-centric past, or are they an indication that matriarchy is on the rise once more?
Society has experienced some pretty dramatic changes throughout history. Only time will tell if matriarchy becomes the norm once more.
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Ancient Footprints Evidence of 'Ant People' of Hopi Indian Lore
Ancient footprints buried for thousands of years are revealing their true date of creation thousands of years earlier than we thought and shaking up the conventional timeline. Could this validate Hopi stories of ancient Ant Men?
White Sands National Park in New Mexico today, is mostly chalky white desert and sand dunes, but thousands of years ago this was a temperate zone centered around the massive Lake Otero filled with flourishing plants, wildlife, and now we can confirm, humans. Ancient footprints originally discovered in 2009 have been radiocarbon dated to be from 21,000-23,000 years ago. Previous estimates of human habitation in this area were 13,000-16,000 years ago.
Ancient stone tools, footprints, and rock layers are difficult, if not impossible, to date. But scientists have found seeds from ancient spiral seed grass, mingled with some footprints. Those seeds were able to be carbon dated, proving humans were in the area and thriving thousands of years earlier than previously thought.
Jack Cary, researcher and author of “Paranormal Planet” commented on the significance of this discovery. “This is a huge point to shove back human migration. That means that you’re going to have to rewrite everything that’s associated in our science related to human migration. That is a huge problem for our anthropologists and for accepted science as a whole,” Cary said. “As investigators into ancient mysteries, this is one of the biggest things that we could ever discover because now we have absolute, inarguable proof that humans were there at this exact period of time.”
Why are investigators of ancient mysteries so excited about this find?
“This is the same area, the same place, and the same time that the Hopi Indians claimed that the so-called Ant People took them underground during a massive global cataclysm because the world basically caught fire according to their ancient, historical oral traditions. And this same event, strangely enough, can be found in the Book of Enoch when he describes a cometary impact. All of this would date back to around the same time period,” Cary said.
“And we have to remember that in Hopi language ‘Anu’ means ‘Ant’ and ‘Naki’ means ‘Friend,’ so the word Annunaki to the Hopi means ‘Ant Friends.’ And it was these ‘Ant Friends’ who twice took them underground, the second being when the last Ice Age actually melted creating a global flood that has been recorded in ancient histories worldwide. Now we have radiocarbon dated proof that there was in fact, human habitation in the right place, at the right time to make those oral histories viable.”