Archeologists Discover Head of Roman Statue in Egyptian Tomb
Archeologists recently discovered the stone head of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in an Egyptian temple known as Kom Ombo, situated along the Nile.
The temple was built somewhere around 180 B.C.E. and was dedicated to the Egyptian gods Horus and Sobek.
Located in the city of Aswan, the marble head was found when archeologists were lowering groundwater levels in a 50 ft. well, thought to have been used to gauge readings of the Nile during antiquity. The expedition also found another statue, though it has yet to be identified.
The marble head bears the distinct features of Marcus Aurelius, who ruled Rome between 161 to 180 A.D. The statue depicts Aurelius’ distinct beard, moustache, and curly head of hair.
The Kom Ombo temple was built during the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a Hellenistic family that ruled Egypt from 305 to 30 BCE. Though they were originally Greek, the Ptolemies adopted Egyptian traditions and culture, until the kingdom was eventually conquered by the Roman Empire.
Experts said the find was rare as it’s incredibly uncommon to find remnants of a Roman statue in Egypt. Similar finds from ancient Egypt have been made in disparate areas, adding to the mystery of how far the culture reached.
Another exceptional find was made in close proximity at the ancient temple of Karnak in the city of Luxor. There, archeologists discovered artifacts and a shrine devoted to the Egyptian god Osiris-Ptah-Neb. Shrines to Osiris have been found in northern and eastern areas of the temple, but this find in a southern location was unprecedented.
There has been evidence that ancient Egyptians may have traveled extensively across the globe. This includes a report of Smithsonian archeologists discovering Egyptian artifacts in the Grand Canyon; the presence of cocaine and tobacco found in the bodies of Egyptian mummies; and hieroglyphs found in Australia.
Researchers including John Anthony West and Robert Schoch devoted much of their careers toward proving alternative theories about the ancient Egyptians, such as the Sphinx water erosion hypothesis that has become an increasingly accepted theory.
Other mysteries such as those involving previously unknown tunnels and chambers in the Great Pyramid at Giza continue to baffle archeologists as mainstream stalwarts of Egyptology constantly push back, attempting to maintain traditional narratives.
Amateur Historian Finds Ancient City & Discovery Changes Human Timeline
The timeline of history changes again, as new evidence pushes the oldest known Homo sapiens in Africa back thousands of years.
In southwestern Ethiopia, a mystery nearly a quarter of a million years in the making has been solved. Homo sapien remains found near the Omo river, dubbed “Omo 1,” were originally found in the 1960s. Scientists struggled for years to establish a date for these remains, but in 2005 they determined Omo was approximately 195,000 years old.
Now, a new study by volcanologist Dr. Celine Vidal of Cambridge University pushes that date much farther back by more than 30,000 years, which places modern humans in eastern Africa more than 230,000 years ago.
Vidal was able to determine this by comparing the thick layers of ash left by an ancient volcano from the top of the remains of Omo 1 with ash known to be from a volcano that erupted about 230,000 years ago. Now that the minimum date for Homo sapiens in eastern Africa has been established, researchers are searching for the maximum.
As, Christine Lane, a co-author of the study stated, “[I]t’s possible that new finds and new studies may extend the age of our species even further back in time.”