Is The Sumerian King’s List Indication of A Lost Civilization?

Dating back to 3500 B.C., Mesopotamian art war intended to serve as a way to glorify powerful rulers and their connection to divinity

The Sumerian Kings List consists of several fragments of cuneiform-etched, clay tablets that paint a picture of a strange lineage of godlike and human monarchs. For years, the list has been considered an amalgam of mythology and actual historical record, but a recent discovery in human DNA may prove civilizations existed during the reign of ancient Sumer’s supposedly fabled kings.

A Strange List of Sumerian Kings

The list begins about 266,000 years ago, long before we understood human civilization to have even begun, at a time when “kingship first descended from heaven” in the ancient Sumerian city of Eridu in southeastern Iraq. Eridu is thought to have marked the beginning of the Sumerian civilization around 5400 BCE, and lasting until around 600 BCE.

From there, rulers are named up until the end of the Isin dynasty, about 1827-1817 BCE. The list is split into a few different segments and accounts for a great flood similar to the biblical deluge.

The pre-flood, or antediluvian, kings on the list reigned for tens of thousands of years, measured in units called sars, ners, and sosses, or 3600 years, 600 years, and 60 years respectively. In total, these eight antediluvian kings ruled for 241,200 years.

These, epochs measured in tens of thousands of years, are reminiscent of the Hindu Yugas, during which years of peace, chaos and everything in between are represented by cyclical ages lasting hundreds of thousands of years. The longest reign of the Sumerian King, En-men-lu-ana, lasted for 43,200 years, which is oddly similar to the Kali Yuga lasting 432,000. The number 432 is an auspicious number in mysticism and many ancient cultures, including the Vikings, Greek, and Mayans.

Some have speculated that these numbers are simply encoded in a formula implementing the famous base-60 Sumerian mathematics system. If these many-millennia-long epochs are divided by this formula one finds a more practical timeline. But when it comes to the list of postdiluvian kings with slightly less, but equally bizarre timelines, the formula doesn’t work.

After the flood, the list says the kingship descended from heaven in a new city called Kish, in what is now central Iraq. There, the postdiluvian kings reign for hundreds of years, i.e. Nangishlishma, who ruled for 670 years, and Zuqaqip, who ruled for 900 years. These supposed, multi-century lifespans reflect similar reports of men in the Old Testament, including multi-centenarians Enoch and Methuselah. Could there be a connection?

The postdiluvian list includes 23 kings who reigned for a total of 24,510 years, 3 months and 3 ½ days. After this period of rule, kingship was then moved to Eanna, followed by Uruk, Ur, and a subsequent series of back and forth movements throughout the area now known as Iraq. But as the list progresses, reigns get shorter with numbers that correspond with mortal life spans, save the occasional jumps back into several-hundred-year-long reigns.

 

Sumerian King's List

 

There are also figures in ancient Sumerian history, such as the famous Gilgamesh, who is not only a mythological figure but believed to have been an actual historical figure. Gilgamesh is thought to have ruled sometime between 2800 and 2500 BCE, with the Sumerian Kings List claiming his rule lasted for 126 years. Similar stories to the Epic of Gilgamesh are referenced or paralleled in the Old Testament, lending credit to the idea that these stories could have some factual basis.

Some historians believe these reigns represent achievements that a king made during his lifetime which were then translated into years tacked on to their actual lifetimes. But that would mean that more recent Sumerian Kings, whose reigns match practical lifetimes, weren’t making these achievements.

A New Discovery

Until recently, it was believed that all human DNA could be traced to a common ancestor in Africa somewhere between 60,000 and 140,000 years ago. This ancestor, who most referred to as ‘Adam,’ wasn’t the first human on earth, but rather the only one whose DNA can be traced directly to all humans today — that is, until Albert Perry’s DNA was tested and found to trace back to an even older ancestor.

After submitting a sample of his DNA to a lab for genealogical testing, Perry’s family was given some profound results: his sample contained a Y-chromosome not found in the known lineage of the majority of humans on Earth today, linking him to an ancestor who existed some 338,000 thousand years ago.

This timeline of 338,000 years would have extended back far before the era in which the divine rulers listed in the Sumerian Kings List are said to have lived. Is it possible that these kings were real and actually ruled over a lost, ancient civilization?

Since this discovery, there have been a small concentration of others with this ancient lineage found in a village in Cameroon, home to the Mbo people.

The extent to whether this DNA is indicative of an ancestor resembling anatomically modern humans or one closer to Neanderthals is debated, but it has led some to question if a human civilization, that eventually went extinct, could have existed that long ago.



Next Article

Were the Mayans Visited By Ancient Alien Gods?

The ancient Mayan civilization of Central America has astounded archeologists and researchers for decades and it seems that more and more puzzling discoveries related to this ancient culture continue to be made. These were people who were obsessed with astronomy, boasting a highly advanced calendar that is still accurate to this day. But were the Mayans gods who imbued the ancient civilization with their advanced knowledge actually ancient alien gods?

Were the Ancient Gods Aliens?

There were a couple of names for a feathered serpent-like god in the Mayan pantheon who descended from the heavens and taught these ancient people about astronomy, architecture, and construction, among other things. Known as Quetzalcoatl in the Nahuatl language, or Kukulkan in Mayan, this entity was highly revered and, upon his departure, told the Mayans that he would one day return to Earth. This date was calculated as of December 21st, 2012, which caused a lot of excitement and fear leading up to the day that many assumed could be the apocalypse.

While this prophecy apparently failed to come to fruition, Erich von Däniken says he believes that this date was calculated based on our Judeo-Christian calendar, which is somewhat ambiguous in its relation to the birth of Christ. Von Däniken says that there are, more or less, 20 years around the day that we think Christ was born, distorting our prediction of the return of Quetzalcoatl. This means that we still have 15 years to see whether the Mayan prediction will actually come true.

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