Who Was the Sumerian God Enki?

Who Was the Sumerian God Enki?

The Sumerians were noted for their worship of many gods. Among them was Enki, a god known for being the patron deity of the city of Eridu.

Enki is depicted in many pieces of Sumerian art and literature, including the Babylonian creation epic the Enuma Elish, The Epic of Gilgamesh, and others. Due to his prominence in such works, it is fair to assume he played a large role in Sumerian culture. Much about Enki remains shrouded in mystery, and begs further exploration.

The God Enki

Enki, a god known for his inherent worth, represented healing, fertility, and creation in Sumerian culture. His intelligent magic often included trickery to benefit the good of the human race.

Son of a sky god, Enki was thought to reign over the Earth and high heavens. As a leader of the Anunna gods in Sumeria, it is believed Enki inhabited the Earth nearly 400,000 years ago.

Sumerian King's List

Enki’s Various Names

Enki was known by a variety of names, including Enkig, Ea, Nissiku, and Nudimmud. The names come with a variety of translations, such as “Prince,” “Lord of the Earth,” and “Creator.”

Gift of Fertility & Creation

In Sumerian culture, Enki is heavily connected to the concepts of fertility and creation. This is often represented by water.

Ancient images of Enki show rivers flowing from his masculine shoulders. The rivers depicted are thought to be the Euphrates and Tigris rivers that flow through Mesopotamia and signify his gift of fertility to the land. According to legend, the rivers were formed from his semen, which further supports his ties to the concept of fertility.

In addition, other symbols associated with Enki are the goat and the fish, which also signify fertility or fertileness.

One Sumerian lore depicts Enki as the founder of Eridu, possibly Mesopotamia’s first city, thus establishing the beginning of life on Earth. The spiritual site of Eridu has been compared to the Judeo-Christian concept of the Garden of Eden.

In addition to his contributions to creation, Enki is noted for his divine crafts and arts that represent spirituality. It is said he came to Earth to share knowledge of the afterlife with humans.

Link to the Annunaki

The Anunna or Anunnaki were beings of higher consciousness and advanced technology. According to legend, these gods or extraterrestrials came to Earth in search of gold. In one Babylonian story, the elder gods enjoyed a leisurely life while the younger gods worked away mining gold.

The intelligent yet mischievous Enki suggested the gods create other beings to mine the gold for them. The Annunaki were thought to be clone masters who sought to clone lesser beings, such as the human race, to do their work. Control of human beings is still thought to be happening under Annunaki gods today.

Although Enki contributed to the concept of cloning, which could be considered manipulation of the human race, he was well-intended and provided humans with information on how to restore balance to the Earth after devastating droughts and famine. Enki was drawn to forgiveness, compassion, and humanity.

Enki Family Lineage

Enki had a substantial cosmic family line. His immediate family included a father figure, mother, brother, wife, and four sons. An additional eight children were born later, as mentioned in a folk tale. The names and relations of Enki’s family members vary throughout ancient texts.

Sumerian mythology referred to Enki’s father as Anu, meaning “sky god,” while Babylonian text uses the name Apsu, defined as “primordial father.” Enki’s mother, Nammu, was a goddess from the highest heavens. She was depicted as the female force who gave birth to the heavens and the Earth.

Enki was the twin of Adad, a god of weather and storms. Enki had another brother Enlin, who was thought to be an adversary, often causing trouble for Enki to creatively repair.

Enki later married the goddess Ninhursag, who is also known by the names Ninmah, Damgalnuna, and Damkina. Together they had four sons: Asarluhi, god of magical knowledge; Enbhlulu, god of dikes and canals; Adapa, human sage; and Marduk, god of magical knowledge.

In the tale Enki and Ninhursag, it is said Enki and his wife had eight more children in an effort to cure Enki after he became seriously ill. The eight offspring with healing powers included:

  • Abu – god of plants and growth
  • Nintulla – god of precious metals
  • Ninsitu – goddess of healing
  • Ninkasi – goddess of beer
  • Nanshe – goddess of divination, dream interpretation, social justice, and fertility
  • Azimua – goddess of healing
  • Emshag – god of fertility
  • Ninti – goddess and giver of life

Power and Humanity

Enki was a very powerful god and had the assistance of mystical beings at his service. Legends describe an assortment of creatures such as mermaids, giants, and even demons that aided Enki in his earthly endeavors. Although he could call upon both destructive and caring existences, Enki favored humanity and social justice. He was known for his intelligence, wisdom, and gift for divine arts and crafts. Enki’s knowledge of rituals included exorcism as well as healing prayers and chants.

An important figure in mythological history, Enki remains one of the greatest Sumerian legends and one of the most complex Sumerian gods. As such, one can spend a significant amount of time delving into the history and mystery of Enki. Continue to explore this fascinating mythical being on your own, and enjoy the journey.



Ancient Footprints Evidence of 'Ant People' of Hopi Indian Lore

Ancient Footprints Evidence of ‘Ant People’ of Hopi Indian Lore

Ancient footprints buried for thousands of years are revealing their true date of creation thousands of years earlier than we thought and shaking up the conventional timeline. Could this validate Hopi stories of ancient Ant Men?

White Sands National Park in New Mexico today, is mostly chalky white desert and sand dunes, but thousands of years ago this was a temperate zone centered around the massive Lake Otero filled with flourishing plants, wildlife, and now we can confirm, humans. Ancient footprints originally discovered in 2009 have been radiocarbon dated to be from 21,000-23,000 years ago. Previous estimates of human habitation in this area were 13,000-16,000 years ago.

Ancient stone tools, footprints, and rock layers are difficult, if not impossible, to date. But scientists have found seeds from ancient spiral seed grass, mingled with some footprints. Those seeds were able to be carbon dated, proving humans were in the area and thriving thousands of years earlier than previously thought.

Jack Cary, researcher and author of “Paranormal Planet” commented on the significance of this discovery. “This is a huge point to shove back human migration. That means that you’re going to have to rewrite everything that’s associated in our science related to human migration. That is a huge problem for our anthropologists and for accepted science as a whole,” Cary said. “As investigators into ancient mysteries, this is one of the biggest things that we could ever discover because now we have absolute, inarguable proof that humans were there at this exact period of time.”

Why are investigators of ancient mysteries so excited about this find?

“This is the same area, the same place, and the same time that the Hopi Indians claimed that the so-called Ant People took them underground during a massive global cataclysm because the world basically caught fire according to their ancient, historical oral traditions. And this same event, strangely enough, can be found in the Book of Enoch when he describes a cometary impact. All of this would date back to around the same time period,” Cary said.

“And we have to remember that in Hopi language ‘Anu’ means ‘Ant’ and ‘Naki’ means ‘Friend,’ so the word Annunaki to the Hopi means ‘Ant Friends.’ And it was these ‘Ant Friends’ who twice took them underground, the second being when the last Ice Age actually melted creating a global flood that has been recorded in ancient histories worldwide. Now we have radiocarbon dated proof that there was in fact, human habitation in the right place, at the right time to make those oral histories viable.”

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