Vrksasana (vrik-SHAHS-uh-nah) is a deceptively challenging pose. While at first glance, tree pose may seem easy, the combination of strength, balance, and flexibility required can take lots of practice. Never fear, props like a wall or a chair can come in handy while finding the balance point of the pose, and there are plenty of variations to fit everyone’s practice. This is a great pose to practice dristi (focused gaze) to help with balance.
Philosophy + Origin
In many Indian traditions, trees, specifically the Ashoka tree, are symbols of love and devotion. Many native cultures seek the knowledge of trees for healing, searching their branches, trunks, leaves, and roots for powerful medicine. Patient by nature, trees are quiet and steady, living their long lives in rhythm with the seasons and the circadian rhythm of the world. In Indian literature, trees often make appearances as sacred symbols of the universe, a bridge between creator and individual.
- Skin contact: If you have difficulty keeping your raised foot in place, adjust your clothing so that your foot contacts your skin directly.
- Wall: Place one hand against a wall or chair for extra support. Or, lean your hips and shoulders against a wall.
- Kickstand: Keep your toes of the lifted leg on the ground, your heel resting against the ankle of your standing leg.
- Arm variations: Bring your arms overhead or interlace your hands behind your back for a variation.
- For high blood pressure: Keep your hands at your sides or in prayer position at your heart rather than raising them over your head.
- Steady your gaze (drishti): Looking at one point while balancing will allow you to stay in the pose longer. Or, challenge your balance by looking up or closing your eyes.
- Begin in mountain pose (tadasana). Shift your weight to your left foot, and bring your right foot to the inner line of your left leg, toes pointing toward the ground.
- Your foot may touch your ankle, calf, or inner thigh. Avoid placing your foot on the knee joint.
- Press through all four corners of your left foot, especially the mound of your big toe.
- Lengthen your tailbone toward the ground, with hips squared forward.
- Soften your shoulders away from your ears.
- Press the sole of your right foot firmly into your left leg.
- Bring your hands together at your heart center in prayer position. Focus your gaze on one point.
- Work on staying in the pose for 1 minute before returning to mountain pose. Take several deep breaths before repeating on other side.
- Standing hand to big toe pose | Utthita hasta padagusthasana
- Standing figure four | Ardha utkatasana
- Warrior I | Virabhadrasana I
- Vrksa = tree
- Asana = pose
- Stretches your inner thighs and groin.
- Strengthens your thighs, calves, core, and feet muscles.
- Improves and strengthens your posture.
- Calms your mind.
- Relaxes your central nervous system.
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