The Ptolemaic System
In the second century of the common era, Claudius Ptolemy of Alexandria used the planets, based on their astrological and astronomical attributes, to define what he called, “The Seven Ages of Man.” Ptolemy was a genius and a student of astronomy, mathematics, music, cartography, humanity and the natural world. His theory of a Geocentric Universe defined celestial mechanics for centuries, mainly because it worked.
Ptolemy believed that everything that existed is connected to everything else and is ultimately linked to the planets. Each planet was given attributes, many of which are still used today by astrologers.
This led to the concept of each person being a unique microcosm of the cosmos, thus providing a model for explaining our journey through life, each planet ruling a designated number of years.
Ptolemy started our life cycle with the fastest of the planets, the Moon. Our lunar neighbor ruled birth to the age of 4. The Moon was thought of as pure and dynamic. It was equated to motherhood, children, and protection. The second phase belonged to Mercury, the second-fastest planet, and ruled until the age of fourteen.
From 14 to 22 years of age, Venus took control. I was once that age, and I can attest to the fact that my thoughts were often about Venus-ruled concerns, often way too much. The Sun took over for 19 years, until the age of 41. This was an individual’s time to shine and was followed by the period of Mars, which ruled until age 55. Jupiter took us to 67 and Saturn delivered us into our dotage.
Ptolemy’s stages of life are sensible and have been expanded upon by metaphysical and philosophical thinkers throughout the ages. Many such views are popular now, equating each stage with a certain animal, temperament, or some other sort of influence, but why not start with the original? Let’s take a look at Ptolemy’s system, but bring it forward a couple of thousand years.
Incidentally, I often say that the planets don’t punch time-clocks, so there will usually be an overlapping of planetary influences.
Stage 1: The Moon – 0 to Age 4
We come into life without knowledge of the world, a state of innocence.
As the Moon brings light to a dark night, this period provides our first views of life.
Sometimes the light is bright, and other times it’s dim, like moonlight during the Moon’s various phases. Today, children are exposed to a form of electronic illumination, unprecedented in history. I’ve met year-old infants who can work a smartphone better than I can. Hermeticism teaches that the Moon, as a reflection of the Sun, is a source of possible illusion. I hope the children of today will find a true light to guide them on the path of their future.
Stage 2: Mercury – Ages 4 to 14
Mercury traditionally rules the mind, intellectual pursuits, bargaining, and mischief. This ten year period includes going to school, making friends, puberty and becoming a social creature. It was during this stage that I discovered my obsession with metaphysics, or it discovered me, and I also became a certifiable Nerd, complete with a pocket protector and tape on the glasses. This period is one of the most important in our lives, as it often creates some of the powerful impressions that make us who we are for the rest of our days.
Mercury can deceive, so it’s important to remember that not all memories of the past are what they seem to be.
Stage 3: Venus – Age 14 to 22
I was a hormonal lunatic during my adolescent years, emotional, confused and desperate to find myself. Luckily, this stage segues into young adulthood and has more to it than angst.
Venus also deals with aesthetics, concepts of beauty, the development of certain ethics and one’s worldview.
In many ways, this is one of the most formative of all the stages, because it sets us up for whatever comes next in the world. This eight-year period aids us with our sense of reality and may imprint how we view our partners, as well as our friends, relatives and even ourselves throughout life. It’s vital that a positive self-image be nurtured during this period, as the results can linger for decades if we don’t actively seek changes.
Stage 4: The Sun – Ages 22 to 41
Our Solar stage allows us to exert our power and shine in the world as adults, whatever that may mean to the individual. We have all the rights and benefits of being full-grown, often without the experience and wisdom to know what to do with it. Some will use this period to gently warm their surroundings, nurturing, growing a lush garden for all to enjoy. Others will scorch the planet with intense heat and a lack of consciousness of other people.
It’s important to remember that for all of us, the Sun gives life, but it’s up to us to do something positive with that power.
If we don’t help others, we are lost. Personal spirituality and growth is often a part of this stage, but sometimes in an egocentric way.
Stage 5: Mars – Ages 41 to 55
Mars is action and is best exemplified by doing something positive in the world.
During this cycle, we should be as active as possible and fight for those things we believe in.
Unfortunately, along with this stage may come the realization that we have not found the life we thought we’d find and that things are not going precisely as expected. This is generally when a midlife crisis occurs.
Men and women find themselves wondering if that’s all there is, turning to physical pleasures, new cars, affairs or whatever else seemingly soothes the red-hot, Martian energy within them. Many divorces occur during this stage, mainly because the reasons for such dissatisfaction are rarely searched for internally, especially when it’s easier to project our woes onto the outside world.
Stage 6: Jupiter – Ages 55 to 67
With Jupiter comes the ability to sit back and look over one’s life objectively and hopefully without regrets.
Jupiter is a natural ruler and assumes a wisdom and understanding of the way things work.
In Vedic astrology, the planet Jupiter is often known as Guru, showing it to be a teacher and a giver of life and hope. It’s during the Jupiter stage that we can find the mastery of those pursuits we’ve been working on all our lives. Once mastery is attained, the realization of one’s mortality hopefully leads to the desire and imperative to teach. In the best of circumstances, Jupiter’s stage reveals a realization of the responsibility we have to those generations that will follow. It’s our duty to be benevolent, expansive and to pass along our knowledge to those who come after. This can be a highly spiritual time in our lives.
Stage 7: Saturn – Age 67 On
Saturn is the planet of chronological time. In Saturn, we realize the reality of our existence and true self-knowledge or the lack of it. Youth gives way to maturity, and eventually we move to a more joyful experience that can only be completely appreciated through the wisdom that comes from decades spent on this planet. For some, the Saturn stage creates an influential and enduring presence that should be embraced by society but has unfortunately been mostly neglected in the West.
For others, it’s a time of bitterness and regret. Within the memories of those in their Saturn stage is the living history of our planet. I knew a man who met Houdini and Al Capone, watched Jolson perform live and drank in speakeasies. Another man knew all the stars of old Hollywood and had pictures to prove it.
Past is prologue and the information Saturn has to pass on to us is priceless.
The ability to embrace our Saturn stage, without fear and with a sense of gratitude, is the reward of a life well-lived and well-loved.
These cycles are repeated in miniature forms every day in our lives. It’s possible to use the 7 stages for analyzing anything. For example, what stage is your job in right now? If you’re just starting out, are you in your Moon or Mercury phase? How about a relationship you’re in? Are you in a Mars phase? If so, can you be patient enough to move into your Jupiter phase, or are you anxious for Saturn to take over and begin again with the Moon in a new relationship?
A Timeless System
There is much that can be done with this system. You are limited only by your imagination and your willingness to embrace a concept thousands of years old, yet timeless. Ptolemy’s system works and makes sense.
Peer inside yourself to see the beauty of the celestial clockwork that we’re all part of. You’ll gain more than knowledge.
Remember that rainbow? Just as no two of us sees the exact same rainbow, none of us will experience a stage of life like anyone else. Therein lies one of the greatest benefits of this existence, that being the mystery itself. Don’t let anyone ever take that mystery away from you.
I wish you all peace and love.